Do you want to improve your basketball defence skills? You should know how to deal with your opponent. You can do that by limiting their chances of making shots or forcing more turnovers. To faceguard simply means blocking an offender’s vision by the defender. The offender may be having the ball or not, it doesn’t matter. If a player is ready to shoot and you disrupt their vision; could be by placing your hand before their eyes. Sometimes you may end up violating the game's rules in the name of face guarding. For instance, if you guard an opponent, blocking them from seeing or receiving the ball.


Basketball rules are almost straightforward and easy to understand. Nevertheless, you may experience problems as the coach if your team comprises younger players. They’re likely to forget the requirements once they step on the court. The NBA rules through Hubby Brown coach apply to all basketball levels, including pros, college, high school, and youth basketball. Some of the rules are critical and may be difficult to beat if all are employed. Rules on equipment and gear are also important. For instance, how often should you change basketball shoes? It’s because players need sneakers that give ultimate performance to avoid fouls and accidents. This article mainly focuses on defence tactics and basketball rules generally. Please keep reading to understand more.

Different face guarding rules at various basketball levels


High school


In 1913, the basketball association body for high schools outlawed faceguarding, leaving very limited space for rules interpretation from that time. It later mentioned the rule modifying it to apply to happenings away from the ball, in 2004. For example, defending an opponent using a hand in the air around the court post is allowed, however, blocking their vision is illegal.




The National Basketball Association doesn’t dismiss face guarding. But, there’s an individual foul made if a hand is placed before an opponent’s face making contact. Such contact either to the eyes or head may cause suspension or the defender’s ejection. Lack of contact to any player’s face doesn’t call for fouls by the NBA officials.




The high school and college rules closely relate to the International Basketball federation. This association prohibits hand waving in front of an opponent to obstruct vision. It’s regarded as a technical foul against an opponent. As a result, they’re given an opportunity for a free throw.


Defence rules


Defence in sports means making attempts to hinder an opponent from scoring. Rules are always available to give guidance on the circumstance and the ways defensive players can try stopping the offensive. You'll realize that most individual fouls are recognized through prohibited contact by the opposing player. Having knowledge about basketball defence rules is excellent to become a better player and defender.


The 3-second rule


The NBA rules state that a defender can’t be within the free-throw lane for over three seconds with no opponent at arm’s length. The defence applies to any member of the opposing team. The time count is only stopped when there's no team control by the offensive player or active guarding of an opponent.


General rules of the game


Since the 1890s, basketball became the main sport being played around the world. The game was embraced by various countries including Russia, Britain, some Asian parts, and Germany. However, America is the spot having the greatest basketball league in the world; National Basketball Association, NBA. Its players are well-known athletes all over the globe. Most of which are known for their sneaker signatures. The shoes are designed specifically for the sport, and the price goes with quality. For instance, you may ask how much are Nike shoes? The answer is on Nike’s website. Or maybe, when are new balance basketball shoes coming out? Still, you’ll be responded to if you check online. Now let’s go back to the general basketball rules running the game in the world and everything you should know about it.


Players and equipment


A basketball team only has 12 players in total with five playing on each side during a game. Player positions are such as centre, defensive forward, defensive guard, point guard, and offensive forward. The positions are taken up by every player, but nobody limits anyone from moving around the court as they wish. The centre position requires a sharper person with very good running speed to help save his team. But someone may ask, are basketball shoes for running? It's because basketball sneakers are bouncy and enhance vertical jumping. Therefore, the question may be debatable in some way. Sometimes even playing with worn-out shoes maybe a threat, especially if they lack traction. That's why you should be keen to your shoes' condition. But how often should you change basketball shoes? Well, it again depends on how good they are serving their purpose.


For equipment, we start with the court. It's rectangular in shape measuring 91 by 50 feet. The court is partitioned into two halves with a semi-circle drawn at the centre- it's the spot for the starting of the game. The referee releases the ball in the air at this point, then both team player attempt winning possession of the ball and that’s how it begins. The court’s winds have two poles each with a basket for making scores. Every pole measures 10 feet high. Outside the basket ring is a 3-point arc, whereas, at its middle, we've got a free throw line. Players simply need a court and basketball for the game to start. Each team must have matching strips and some putting on face masks and gum shields for protection.

Game’s objective


The objective of basketball is to score points by throwing the ball into a hoop. Playing occurs on a rectangular court. Points are scored depending on the section of the two halves where a player successfully throws the ball. The ball is moved from one player to the other by passing and dribbling. The winners are determined at the game’s completion- those with higher points.




Scores in basketball are grouped into three. The team that gets successful free throws is awarded a point. The baskets within the three-point arc get two points for scores and those from outside the 3-point arc score three points. Free throws, just like any other sport, will rely on the spot where the foul was committed.




Winning is mainly determined by the higher scorers between the playing teams. Simply score more points, and you'll be the winner. If points tie for both teams, an additional quarter will be allowed until a better team is found.


Basketball rules


The basketball rules developed by Naismith James mainly looked at creating an indoor non-contact sport. He came up with all the rules running the sport in 1892. While he laid the original rules, there are other newer rules for the game. The following are the 13 basketball rules as published in 1892 by Dr James Naismith. They include;


  1. A player can bat the ball in any direction, be it with o a single hand or both, but not using their fist. The rule is the same up to date.

  2. The ball should be held between or in the hands. No arms or body can be used. It’s currently called a travelling violation.

  3. No player should run with the ball. They should instead throw it from the point it was received unless the player caught the ball running at a speed that is harder to stop. Nowadays, a player is allowed to dribble with one hand as they pass or run, no running with the ball.

  4. One can throw the ball in all directions with one or both hands. The rule applies today; however, no team can pass the ball back once they cross the midcourt line.

  5. An opponent shouldn’t shoulder, trip, push, strike, or hold, if they do so, then it’ll be a foul in the first attempt. Doing that the second time disqualifies them until a score is made. If it’s evident that the intention was to harm, the player is disqualified the rest of the game with no substitute. Today, the same actions are considered fouls. Five or six fouls are enough to eject or suspend players with flagrant fouls.

  6. If one side makes three fouls consecutively- the opposing team having zero fouls, a score is awarded to its opponents. Presently, such fouls grant opponents free throws rather than an automatic goal as per the NBA rules.

  7. Batting a ball from the ground to the basket and sticks there without the goal being tampered with by the opposing team, gives a goal. Also, a ball resting on the edges and the basket gets moved by the opponent, a score is awarded to the other team. Currently, the rule doesn’t apply because they no longer use the original baskets, but nets and hoops. What’s considered are interference rules in defence passes and goaltending, even defenders can't touch the rim's hoop following a shot ball.

  8. Only the referee is responsible for the ball's judgement. For instance, deciding when the ball is in bounds or play, the side it belongs, and timekeeping. Additionally, determining if the goal is genuine plus keeping every record of scores made and more other duties. It's still the referee's duty to decide ball possession. But, there are timekeeper and scorekeepers to help relieve the referee.

  9. A ball out of bounds shall be thrown back to the field by the first person touching it. For instances where we've got disputes over the same, it's the umpire to throw it directly to the field. Only five seconds are allowed before the thrower throws the ball, failure to which it's given to the opposing players. A team that persists leading to delay, a foul is called on their side. These days, the ball is thrown by the player touching the ball from the opposite team, before it went out of bounds. The five-second rule is still effective.

  10. Playtime is two 15-minutes halves. Five minutes rest in between the halves. The time is varied by the different playing levels like pro, college, international, or high school sports. NBA allows four quarters with each having 12 minutes of active play and 15 minutes halftime.

  11. The winning team has more scores. In case both sides have the same score, captains may agree to continue playing until a winner is found. Today, points decide the winning team. If a tie is made, the NBA allows five minutes overtime after the fourth quarter to get a better scoring team. In case they tie again, more time is given.

  12. The umpire makes a judgement on the fouls made and notifies the referee when a team makes three fouls consecutively. The referee has the power to disqualify the player.

  13. No ball shall be struck by the fist as earlier mentioned in the other rules of handling the ball.


The bottom line


We've learnt that basketball rules vary slightly depending on the level of play. For example, college rules differ from high school basketball, which isn't the same with college and international games. The sport is very popular since 1891, and with time it acquired prominent players including Jordan, LeBron, and others that developed sneaker signatures. To find out more about the information on sneakers, go through their websites for a guide. You can get informed for questions like how much are Nike shoes? When are new balance basketball shoes getting launched? Are basketball shoes for running? Or are basketball shoes for running? If such questions puzzle your mind, you can get easily answers by following their links.


While basketball rules can be said to differ, the variations just revolve around the basic rules. A game-winner is determined by the scored points. Points are scored by throwing the ball in the opponent's net. A defensive player should never make a foul. Fouling is gaining an advantage over the opposite player via physical contact. In other words, a defender should never touch an offender, making them lose the ball or miss out a shot. We've got more other general rules earlier developed by Dr James Naismith with others applying until today. Refer to the above article for more rules.




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